Williams received her PhD from Scripps Institution of Oceanography for research on the diving physiology of emperor penguins in Antarctica. Here's a short video about
Cassondra and her work in Antarctica...
The research focus for Cassondra
Williams is the diving physiology of emperor penguins and northern
elephant seals. As part of her research, she's developed a
new approach to measuring muscle oxygen depletion in diving
emperor penguins. Cassondra traveled to Antarctica during the
Austral Spring season to study the diving physiology and diving
behavior of emperor penguins as they dive beneath the sea
ice covering the Ross Sea.
can read more about the emperor penguin work of Cassondra
and her team in Antarctica on the fantastic
blog from Penguin Ranch!
career path is an interesting one in that she previously worked
as a lawyer practicing law in the Los Angeles, California
area prior to beginning her studies and work as a researcher
at Scripps Institution of Oceanography focusing on the
diving physiology of emperor penguins and elephant seals.
Antarctica, Cassondra also traveled with her research team
headed by Scripps scientist Paul Ponganis to conduct an annual
census at a number emperor penguin colonies in the Ross Sea
area. Here is a short video about the team's
2008 census of the emperor penguin colony at Cape Crozier